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The Naval Power Competition between The U.S. and Russia of The Pacific in the period of Cold War –Focused on the Change in the Maritime Geopolitical Recognition-

Jung, Gwang-Ho 1

1해군

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In the Pacific region, the mechanism of the power between inter-nation is acted on a maritime geopolitical principle through a crucial maritime sphere. In other words, the mechanism have been operated according to the principles such as the action-reaction, the balance of offense-defense, resulted in the occupying of new challenging power at the vacancies of other power in the pacific region. Since the mid 1970s, the dominance of the naval forces between the two countries has been reversed due to the arrival of detente according to the reconciliation of the U.S. and China, the rising of a reversal atmosphere following the defeat of the Vietnam War, and the construction of the Soviet navy. In the pacific region, such an U.S. defensive strategy gives the Soviet Union a blank of power recognition in the Asia-Pacific ocean. Based on this recognition, the Soviet Union navy has reinforced a naval power. the U.S. navy has converted defensive maritime strategy into offensive maritime strategy(sea strike strategy, sea plan 2000) against the Soviet navy’s challenge. The U.S. navy argued that a naval force of 600-ships would be needed to maintain a balance with the Soviet navy, take maritime control and have military power projection capability through its forward deployment in the peacetime. the U.S. navy has planed a offensive plan the ‘maritime strike strategy’ and the ‘maritime plan 2000’ that denied access to the Soviet navy. In other words, in the pacific region, the mechanism of the physical force of offense and defense in the U.S. and Soviet navy was developed as follows. The Soviet perception of U.S. powerlessness in the Cold War has brought the Soviet Union to the pacific fleet’s increase to defend the crucial maritime sphere in Sea of Okhotsk Sea, and as a result, the U.S. navy has converted defensive maritime strategy into offensive maritime strategy .

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.