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Nuclear Armed State’s Military Strategy and Force Planning: Pakistan and its implication to North Korea

Kim Tae Hyun 1

1국방대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to analyze how to develop a military strategy and build military forces especially focusing on the conventional forces of nuclear armed states as a comparative case study of Pakistan, based upon a force planning framework of strategy driven model. This paper will examine a trend of conventional forces after and before possessing nuclear weapons and clarify how to build conventional forces in rivalry with Indian border threats. I have two arguments in this study. Firstly, this article argues that pakistan does not reduce conventional forces even after developing nuclear weapons which has only a limited security effectiveness. This causes a little nuclear substitution effect. Secondly, pakistan is developing its own military strategy based on a ‘nuclear-conventional interplay’, which priority mostly lies in building a strong land forces. This aims to address a possible surprise attack from india conceptualized as a Cold-Start Doctrine. This military strategy deals with a limited conventional attack in the nuclear shadow to penetrate pakistan’s territory by cutting a military mobilization time and elevating a military readiness. To address an indian blitzkrieg-like CSD, Pakistan has developed a Full-Spectrum Deterrence nuclear strategy on the one hand, and a New Concept for Warfighting conventional strategy on the other hand. Accordingly, Pakistan is increasing tactical nuclear weapons including low-yield nuclear weapons and delivery systems, and modernizing joint operation capabilities in order to implement its military strategy. After all, this paper will argue that a strategy-driven force planning model is to be estimated an useful tool to explain nuclear armed states’ force planning and conventional forces in the shadow of nuclear weapons still key factor to deter and address multiple external threats. In Conclusion, this paper provided some implications for north Korean military development.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.