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A Study on the Fire employment of the R.O.K. Army and U.N. Forces during the Battle of Yongmunsan in May 1951

  • military history
  • 2022, (122), pp.1-36
  • DOI : 10.29212/mh.2022..122.1
  • Publisher : Military History Institute, MND
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : June 28, 2021
  • Accepted : March 3, 2022
  • Published : March 15, 2022

Ryu, Eui-yeon 1

1국방대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study attempts to research the fire employment of the 6th Infantry Division of R.O.K. Army and the 9th Corps of U.S. Armed forces in the Battle of Yongmunsan from May 17 to May 21, in 1951. The research on the history of combat has been carried out mainly in terms of maneuver, and the detailed analysis of the operation of firepower is insufficient. In order to understand the Korean War, the analysis of firepower was a key factor throughout the whole war, it is necessary to study the field artillery tactical manuals, command and control systems, weapons systems, and support systems of the artillery units of the U.N. Forces at that time. For that, this study analyzes the ROK 6th Division’s combat reports, official publicized history of the Ministry of National Defense and the Army, testimonies of artillery veterans, records of the Chinese Communist Army and reports of Soviet military advisers, and reports of the U.S. 9th Corps. In the Battle of Yongmunsan, the U.N. Forces was able to stop the large-scale offensive operation carried out by Chinese forces based on the standard of using firepower, limitation by terrain and weather conditions, overwhelming artillery capabilities compared to the enemy, and sufficient logistics support. There were various problems during operations, but they were overcome by flexible firepower operations that were not fixed. Due to the strong and effective use of firepower, the 2nd Regiment of the ROK 6th Division was able to defeat the 63rd Army of China, which was three times larger.

Citation status

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