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The anti-Japanese song at Shingheung Military Academy and Gumsung school

Kim, Myung-seob 1

1단국대학교 동양학연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The Graduates of Shinheung Military Academy(新興武官學校) and Gumsung School(儉成學校), the cradle of the Manchurian armed independence movement in the 1910s and 20s, made many anti-Japanese songs, and they sang, kept them together, and raised the spirit of independence. The ‘Korean national anthem(愛國歌)’ sung by Shinheung Military Academy was slightly different from the lyrics of the Korean National anthem in Chapter 12 of the Patriotic Song Book in 1910, and the tune seems to be "Auld Lang Syne." Singheung Military Academy song borrows ‘Marching Through Georgia’, and Shinheung-student unit price borrows ‘Swanne River’. Among the independent military songs, there is also a song that borrowed the tune of the Japanese Changga(唱歌) and changed it into patriotic lyrics, which changed the lyrics of the song from Gwangseong School's "The Collection of the Latest Changga" in 1914. As an example, ‘(Independent Army) Yongjinga(勇進歌)’ borrowed the Japanese Changga, and ‘The Thought of Homeland’ borrowed the tune of ‘Fallow Soldier(戰友)’, a Japanese soldier, and sang it as an anti-Japanese song. Since the March 1st Movements in 1919, the original copy of the song, known as the ‘March 1st Independence Movements Song(3·1運動歌)’, had been called by many exiles, indicating that the ‘Dogang song(渡江歌)’ is the original version of the song. However, Shinheung Military Academy was inevitably closed in June 1920 due to the Japanese army invasion. Since then, Yeojun(呂準), who served as the principal established and opened Gumsung School to succeed Shinheung Military Academy. Students at Geomseong School often sang ‘Shinheung Military Academy School Song’ and ‘Songs of Independence Army’ here. In particular, among the anti-Japanese songs sung by students, ‘Song of National Humiliation’ expressed on the indignity of being lost the country by Japan in 1910, "Baseball" sung on sports day, and ‘March of Victory’ sung as a military song of the independent army.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.