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A Study of the Establishment of the U.S. Maneuver Warfare - Focusing on the Formation of the U.S. AirLand Battle(ALB) Doctrine -

Kim Young Hwan 1

1국방대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The thought of maneuver warfare formed during the interwar period was proven to be effective through the World War II, and after the war, it attracted attention as a new paradigm for carrying out the war. Nevertheless, the value and effectiveness of maneuver warfare in the United States did not receive attention, and a strategic culture that emphasized the firepower-attrition warfare centered on large quantities was formed. Moreover, the tendency to value nuclear warfare following the emergence of nuclear weapons after World War II had hindered the development of operation art for a considerable period of time and had neglected the need for maneuver warfare. However, after the Vietnam War, the need for a new doctrine was raised to prepare for the decreasing defense budget and the relatively increasing mechanized power of the Soviet Union. In addition, due to RMA(Revolution of Military Affairs) after the Vietnam War, the latest weapon systems and maneuver force can be utilized to compensate for the insufficient force. As a result, a discourse on the effectiveness of maneuver warfare was formed in the U.S. military, and after the doctrine of the Active defense in 1976, the doctrine of AirLand Battle(ALB) was formed in 1982. However, the emergence of the doctrine of AirLand Battle did not mean a transition from the thought of the firepower-attrition warfare to the thought of maneuver warfare. In other words, an eclectic form of conduct of warfare that the firepower-attrition warfare and the maneuver warfare carried out complementarily emerged.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.