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Peace Framework in Northeast Asia and Multilateral Security Co-operation : Necessity, Feasibility and Process

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2012, 27(2), pp.5-33
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2012.27.2.001
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation

Namju Lee 1

1성공회대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Since the end of the Cold War, the peace framework that could ameliorate the impact of security dilemma in the northeast Asia has not emerged, yet. A realist approach could not cope with the rising China and is creating a bigger security dilemma in this region. A liberalist approach also seems ineffective because conflicts among states like territorial disputes are surging in this region despite the increase of economic mutual dependence. Against this backdrop, multilateral security co-operation is emerging as a viable solution to these problems. This article analyzes the feasibility of multilateral security co-operation in the northeast Asia and explores the path to this framework. Of course, there are many difficulties in developing this framework. Especially, most sovereign states are reluctant to yield their rights of decision in the realm of security policy to multilateral co-operation system. But this article argues that because of uncertainties of their future China and US become to accommodate the idea of multilateral co-operation in this region. Another difficulty is the reliance of northeast Asian states on the military alliance with US. Bilateral military alliances may collide with the multilateral framework. But in northeast Asia eliminating bilateral alliances is not a realistic solution. So, this article argues that it is necessary to find out the way which can strike the balance between bilateral alliances and multilateral co-operation. In the conclusion, this article emphasizes the importance of civil society co-operation which could contribute to the construction of the epistemic community.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.