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Analysis on the Cause of Failure of the Reorganization of Military Command Structure by Park Jung-Hee’s Administration : Focused on the Change of Park’s Political Preference by the Political and Security Environmental Changes

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2012, 27(2), pp.35-72
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2012.27.2.002
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation

Inseung Kim 1

1공군사관학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The reorganization of military command structure has repeatedly failed despite numerous trials. The general reason is that the response to the resistance by the military and political factions during the process of implementation has not been effective. Considering resistance from the military and the political factions as a core obstacle to the reorganization scheme, perhaps it was Park Jung-Hee’s administration that had faced the most favorable circumstances for demonstrating the reorganization. Park's administration had a firm influence over political parties and the military during the late periods of the third Republic, during which the administration promoted the plan of reorganizing military command structure. Nonetheless, the plan set out by Park’s administration ended in failure. In this research, we reviewed Park administration’s reorganization of military command structure and its failure. While launching the reorganization, we have encountered such environmental changes in both politics and security, and how it affected to the outcome of reorganization. Through this, we can assert that an implausible hindrance in the reorganization being attributed to environmental changes in political and security but to the characteristics of reorganizing process of military command structure such as the resistance by the military and political factions. On the basis of this analysis, we have reached the current conclusion.

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