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A Review on America’s Rebalancing Strategy and Its Impact on Trilateral Relationship between China, Russia, and North Korea in the 21st Century.

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2013, 28(2), pp.6-42
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2013.28.2.001
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation

Kim Jae kwan 1

1전남대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This paper asserts that America’s strategic initiatives, “Rebalancing” towards the Asia-Pacific region and “Pivot to Asia”, has had a great influence on major states in Northeast Asia such as China, Russia, and North Korea. In order to contain China and Russia, the United States has proceeded to carry out two global strategies, namely NATO’s Enlargement in the East and Rebalancing toward the Asia-Pacific region throughout the 21st Century. In response to the these strategic initiatives, China and Russia have not only built a strong solidarity, built also continuously reinforced overall cooperation in the region. Especially, the Chinese Government undoubtedly regards this rebalancing strategy as a kind of containment policy to block China from emerging in the Asia-Pacific. Under this circumstance, China has consistently attempted not only to avoid conflict between the US and China , but also to establish and manage so called a “New Type of Great Power relations” among them under the Xijinping’s Regime. In addition, on the one hand, it is urgent for the China and Russia to strengthen a bilateral relationship between two nations. On the other hand, China, Russia, and North Korea as Continental power have been demanded to build a trilateral relationship in order to deter tighter trilateral military cooperations between the U.S. Japan, and South Korea as Sea power. However because of America’s intervention on this region using rebalancing strategy, it would be unpromising that China, Russia, and North Korea could establish and consolidate a firm and stable trilateral architecture of security. So as far as I see, these trilateral relations seem to be transient and unstable. They would be no more able to build a regime as a stable institution than an expectation.

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