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Diversity of Youths with a Background of Defection from North Korea: Assistance Policy Analysis and Implications

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2015, 30(2), pp.93-129
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2015.30.2.004
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation

Lee, Kiyoung 1 김민경 1

1부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examines the diversity of youths that have defected from North Korea (NK) and analyzes current settlement assistance policies and programs available to them. The youths can be classified into four groups: children born in NK, unaccompanied children born in NK, children born in the 3rd countries such as China, and children born in South Korea. Legal protections are differently applied for the children according to their place of birth. The four types of youths are entitled as ‘youths with a background of defection from North Korea(NK)’ and analyzes settlement assistance policies and programs in order to suggest more effective assistance for them. This study analyzed their entrance routes, official paths of entrance to the resettlement process, related laws and policies to their resettlement assistance, and institutional environments of civil and social assistance by implementing several research designs such as in-depth interviews, focused-group interviews (FGI), and need assessment with the youths, their parent(s), and professional practitioners. Based on research findings, this study suggested several policy and research implications.

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