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The Critical Study on the Election Revolution in the 20th National Assembly Election

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2016, 31(2), pp.5-32
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2016.31.2.001
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation

Chung, Tae-il 1

1충북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The 20th National Assembly election was an historic election revolution, which was the defeat of the ruling party and the overwhelming victory of the opposition parties. The cause of the election revolution in the 20th National Assembly election is the potential and inherent resistance to the government and ruling party. The cause of the election revolution is as follows. First, the increase in cigarette prices and the child care crisis led by Park Geun-hye's government reversed the public sentiment of the middle class. Second, the Park Geun-hye's government has promoted the state-authored history textbooks and the agreement on the historical issue regarding Korean comfort women, which are far from the national sentiment. Third, the Park Geun-hye's government lacked awareness of the economic crisis and no alternative to youth unemployment. Fourth, there is anxiety which the Park Geun-hye's government has responded to the disaster of Sewol Ferry and MERS. The 20th National Assembly election also changed the political structure. It is the first time in 16 years that liberal lawmakers will outnumber conservatives in the legislature. Promising a new way of doing politics, the party won 38 seats in the April general election to become the third-largest power, ending two decades of a two party legislative system. Regional support for political parties has changed. The People's Party occupied the Honam area. The influence of the National Assembly elections related the next presidential elections did not show significant results in the regional elections. However, in the proportional representation parliamentary elections, when the parliamentary rate was less than 45%, the change of government appeared.

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