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Study on the North Korean Petroleum Industry during the Cold War

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2017, 32(2), pp.135-162
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2017.32.2.005
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation

Park Jong Chol 1

1경상대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

As the conflict between China and the United States over the North Korea oil sanction in United Nations Security Council(UNSC) became more intense, the attention of the international society to the North Korea petrochemical industry is increasing. The purpose of this study is to examine the Sungri Chemical Plant in Rajin area of the northern border,Sino-DPRK Friendship Oil Pipeline, and Ponghwa Chemical Factory in the vicinity of Dandong-Sinuiju of the China-North Korea border during the Cold War. The petrochemical industry of North Korea began in earnest when the Empire of Japan built the petroleum storage facility and coal liquefaction plant against the United States oil embargo on Japan in the Pacific War. During the Cold War, China and Soviet Union rebuilt the petrochemical facilities for reconstruction of post-war North Korea. However, investment in the related industry and facility expansion were not conducted in the process of the collapse of the industry during the Arduous March and Sungri Chemistry finally ceased the production in 1999. Therefore, analyzing the standard of North Korean petrochemical plants during the Cold War is becoming an important cornerstone to understanding the level of the North Korean petrochemical industry. In a situation where research is limited on the North Korean petroleum issue, this study aims to analyze the data and approach on the North Korean oil industry, the origin of the petroleum industry, and products and facilities of petrochemical combinat constructed during the Cold War.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.