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A Study on the Continuity of the Japanese Government's Perception of Colonial Rule : Focus on Kan Statement and Korea-Japan Agreement for Books

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2019, 34(1), pp.99-125
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2019.34.1.004
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation
  • Received : July 10, 2019
  • Accepted : August 8, 2019
  • Published : August 31, 2019

UM TAE BONG 1

1대진대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This article attempts to clarify the continuity of the Japanese government's perception of colonial rule through analyzing historical perception of the ‘Kan statement’ and ‘Korea-Japan Agreement for Books’. In order to analysis the perception this article examines ‘Kan statement’ and ‘Korea-Japan Agreement for Books’ through ‘Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea’ and ‘Agreement on the Art Objects and Cultural Co-operation between Japan and the Republic of Korea’ in the Korea-Japan Normalization talks. Tokyo had held the perception that the ‘Japan–Korea treaty of 1910’ has been legally valid and following colonial ruling was legally legitimate. Therefore, Tokyo has similar perception on the issue on transfer of Korean cultural heritage to Japan during the colonial period, which was conducted by a legitimate authority of colonial ruling bodies based on the annexation treaty of 1910. This article argues that similar historical perception can be found in the ‘Kan statement’ through examinations. ‘Kan statement’ and ‘Korea-Japan Agreement for Books’ had the same historical perception as ‘Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea’ and ‘Agreement on the Art Objects and Cultural Co-operation between Japan and the Republic of Korea’. It is claimed that although Kan, the first prime minister to express apology to the colonial rule in Korea through official statement, was signed the Agreement for books, the first large-scale cultural properties delivery after the Korea-Japan talks, the historical perception that ‘Japan–Korea treaty of 1910’ and the export of cultural properties were legally valid has been still embedded in his statement and actions. This article clarifies the continuity of the Japanese government's perception of colonial rule through this analysis.

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