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An Analysis of ICT Development Strategy, Policy in the Early Stage(1978-1990s) of China's Reform and Opening

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2019, 34(2), pp.37-72
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2019.34.2.002
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation
  • Received : October 30, 2019
  • Accepted : December 30, 2019
  • Published : December 31, 2019

CHA, Jung-Mi 1

1연세대학교 통일연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Under the Kim Jong-un regime, North Korea is focusing on information and communication development, presenting its goal of becoming a knowledge economy based on information technology. Expectations are high for North Korea's reform and openness after the rise of a peace regime on the Korean Peninsula in 2018 and for possible inter-Korean cooperation in the ICT sector. But, it is true that there are vague expectations that the ICT sector will be a key part of inter-Korean cooperation amid the lack of detailed analysis and prospects on how ICT development strategies and external cooperation will be pursued after the North's reform and opening. This paper examines China's ICT development awareness and strategy, support policy and technical cooperation network since the China’s Reform and Open Policy in 1978, which is helpful for predicting and analyzing aspects of ICT development strategy and external cooperation network after North Korea's reform and opening. It analyzes how the nation played a role in the development of the ICT industry in terms of the policy leader's perception and will, the government's institutional financial support and network support to promote foreign technology exchanges, and presents suggestions and implications of ICT development strategies, policies and network strategies after China's past reform and opening of North Korea.

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