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A Critical Review on Sanction Theory and Its Effectiveness on North Korea: Focused on Reaction of Targeted State

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2020, 35(1), pp.43-85
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2020.35.1.002
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation
  • Received : June 29, 2020
  • Accepted : August 20, 2020
  • Published : August 31, 2020

NaHoseon 1 Cha, Chang Hoon 1

1부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The shift of North Korea’s foreign policy in 2018 was understood as the effectiveness of UN sanctions. This research criticizes the explanation that the change is the result of UN sanctions. Sanction theory generally focused upon its effectiveness but lacks in regarding reaction of the targeted state. The mechanism of interaction between sanction state and targeted state is required to refine theoretical ontology considering responses of targeted state. UN sanction against North Korea has two stages, symbolic and effective one, before and after 2016. UN sanction against North Korea overcome the unilateral, multilateral and third party defects and increased its effectiveness. North Korea, however, reacted against the sanction and utilized the sanction for stabilizing its political regime by completing its nuclear arsenal. North Korea sat on the table with its increased negotiation leverage for the purpose of improving US-North Korea relationship, not just nuclear issues. After all, the sanction itself did not resolve North Korean nuclear problem and North Korea’s nuclear build-up means the failure of sanction. The whole cost of US’s deal has been highly increased After North Korea aggressively reacted against UN sanction.

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