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The Origin, Organization and Activities of the North Korean Patriotic Supporter Association before the Korean War - Focused on the Introduction and Utilization of Soviet and Japanese Military Support Policies -

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2020, 35(2), pp.129-159
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2020.35.2.005
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation
  • Received : November 6, 2020
  • Accepted : December 15, 2020
  • Published : December 31, 2020

Kim, Seon-ho 1

1국방부 군사편찬연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

North Korean Patriotic Supporter Association(PSA) was established to provide mental and material support to North Korean Army and their families, military training for members, and purchase costs for fighters, tanks, and vessels. The North Korean leadership reviewed the military assistance policy in the past in the past in the USSR and Japan while planning such a military support policy. The PSA was established on the basis of social groups by imitating Japanese military support organizations, and was planning to cultivate air force aviators and paratroopers by imitating Soviet military support organizations. In addition, the PSA supported the military support policies of the Soviet Union and Japan to support the soldiers’ peace of mind. North Korea, like the Soviet Union and Japan, provided condolences to soldiers, but paid national subsidies to military families and greatly reduced direct taxes. In addition, military training promoted by the military support organizations of the Soviet Union was introduced to members as new recruits of the military. Finally, the PSA raised money to purchase fighters, tanks, and vessels by imitating the Soviet and Japanese weapons purchase campaign. Unlike the Soviet Union and Japan, the North Korean leadership did not limit the payment method to cash, but expanded it to labor and grain to diversify the classes involved in the payment movement.

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