본문 바로가기
  • Home

The United Nations Humanitarian Interventions: Selected Humanitarian Crisis in 1989-2014: Why Do Some Humanitarian Crisis Cases Not Experience UN Humanitarian Intervention?

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2020, 35(2), pp.189-223
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2020.35.2.007
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation
  • Received : November 23, 2020
  • Accepted : December 15, 2020
  • Published : December 31, 2020

Yun, Huicheol 1

1육군3사관학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The United Nations developed the concept of humanitarian intervention/R2P (Responsibility to Protect) and deployed PKOs (Peace Keeping Operations) to protect civilians from the dangers of humanitarian crisis like massacre and genocide. Peacekeeping operations are recognized as effective tools to protect human life. However, of the 831 humanitarian crises that occurred in the period 1989-2014, only 237 (28.51%) were subjects of UN PKO deployment. What determinants influence the deployment of UN PKO for protecting human life? I posit three determinants that impact the likelihood of the UN’s humanitarian intervention: the interests of power nations, characteristics of target nations, and objects of humanitarian intervention. In a quantitative empirical analysis of the UN’s deployment of PKOs between 1989-2014, I find that humanitarian crises are selected depending on target nations’ economic/political value. Specifically, the economic interests of power nations, target nations’ characteristics such as military power, GDP, population, and democratic system influence the UN’s humanitarian intervention. The number of deaths in a humanitarian crisis does not influence the UN’s humanitarian intervention. These results show the true face of international governance on humanitarian intervention.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.