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An Analysis of the Personified Laws’ Speech in Plato’ Crito

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2010, (46), pp.179-201
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : April 12, 2010
  • Accepted : August 20, 2010

Kim Tae Kyung 1

1성균관대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to analyze the personified Laws’ speech in Plato’s Crito. This speech is interpreted with respect to obedience to law and disobedience to law. According to the interpretation with respect to disobedience to law, Socrates don’t claim that even though the law is bad, we are obligated to obey it. But according to the interpretation with respect to obedience to law, Socrates claims the limit of obligation to obey the law that we are obligated to obey the law only if it is just,but he claims the obligation to obey it. Therefore focusing on the personified Laws’ speech, this paper, by arguing these three propositions(1. disobedience to law harms persons, 2. the relationship between citizen and state is analogous to that between child and parent, 3. the citizen makes a tacit compact to obey the laws), reveals grounds of obedience to law. So grasping these three propositions meaning, this paper shows these three propositions relevance. At last this paper provides Plato’s apparent reference that the law is to be obeyed only if its commands are morally just.

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