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Time Perspective and Happiness - A Korean Study -

Goeun Lee 1 Bia Kim 1 HyunJung Shin 1

1부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the relationship between Time Perspective and the levels of happiness of the Korean people. Three hundred and twenty working men and women in the Busan and Gyeongsangnam-do area participated in the survey. First of all, an exploratory factor analysis was done with Time Perspective data to assess the appropriateness of ZTPI (Zimbardo and Boyd, 1999) for applying to the Korean people. Based on the factor analysis result, a Korean ZTPI composed of 30 items was constructed, and the characteristics of Time Perspective of Korean by 4 age groups (20s, 30s, 40s, and 50s) were analyzed. Furthermore, correlational analyses were made between Time Perspective and the levels of happiness by age groups. The results are as follows. Those in their 20s showed higher ‘past negative’ Time Perspective and a significantly higher happiness level than those in their 30s, who marked the lowest figure in the happiness level compared to other age groups. Those in their 40s showed a different characteristics of happiness compared to other age groups, and those in their 50s showed a kind of detachment from the economic status and happiness. This study has a significant meaning for investigating the trend of Time Perspective and the happiness levels of Korean adult office workers and the relationship between them, and tried to suggest a developmental trend of Korean society to solve social conflicts.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.