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North Korea’s Martial Law and Military Tribunal during the Korean War

Yun, Kyung-Seop 1

1경북대학교

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ABSTRACT

This essay analyzes the transformation of North Korea’s military tribunal system during the Korean War and its meaning. In the initial stage of war, a new tribunal system was founded by the military government under martial law. It, however, was basically based on the criminal tribunal system of a peaceful period. The new regulation on a war-time military tribunal system was made in mid-August of 1950. Under the new system, the violators of war-time laws and military disciplines could be punished in the name of maintaining state security and social order. The military crimes like the act of running away from a battle field were punished heavily as anti-state activities. And the crimes of civilians also come to be punished by the military tribunal in case they were committed with an anti-state purpose. In this essay, it is reviewed as a shift from earlier martial law to emergency martial law in North Korea.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.