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Migration of the Turks to Germany and their Identity Problems - Based on the Movie “Almanya Welcome to Germany” -

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2018, (68), pp.177-202
  • DOI : 10.31310/HUM.068.07
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : January 5, 2018
  • Accepted : February 9, 2018
  • Published : February 28, 2018

SHIN JONG RAK 1

1성균관대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

After World War II, Germany needed a lot more labor force in the wake of the nation’s sudden economic growth. For this reason, a large number of Turkish workers were invited to Germany. The film “Almanya: Welcome to Germany (Almanya: Willkommen in Deutschland, 2011)” produced by Turkish immigrants dramatizes the question of identity for Turkish guest workers in Germany. The family dealt with in this film is a family of Turkish immigrants who assimilated themselves to German society and live a successful life. The members of the Turkish immigrants have various identities depending on the ages and they become less aware that they are Turks. On paper they have become German citizens, but the question of whether Germans actually recognize them as the German people is not dealt with in the film. But from their point of view, they have assimilated well to Germany and are no longer categorized as the Turkish people. Through this film, I examined the difficulty felt by the three generations of Turkish migrants and how the issue of migration is discussed. The first-generation Hussein thinks that he is still a Turk, but the second-generation children are bothered to refer to such an issue and the third-generation Cenk often finds himself as a German, But in this movie, the relationship with the Germans unfortunately disappeared. Therefore, there is no direct socio-cultural conflict with the Germans, and the issue of a hijab and honor killings is slightly mentioned. Their assumption that these families have assimilated to German life is their stance, not to mention their relationship with the Germans. The problem of migration is still a matter of grave concern among the different generations of the immigrants.

Citation status

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.