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The Fourth Industrial Revolution and the Education of Arts and Humanities - With Focus on the Field of Medicine -

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2018, (69), pp.77-98
  • DOI : 10.31310/HUM.069.03
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : April 13, 2018
  • Accepted : May 16, 2018
  • Published : May 31, 2018

Kim Seung Hyun 1 Kim Meyoung Kon 1

1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The goal of this paper is to find methods to enable the medical field, which has developed — without ever caring for humanity — along with capital economy and the information industry, to help restore humanity, which is at the root of medical care in the age of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. As a method, the characteristics of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and the medical field were examined and the concept of human subjects and the role of the education of humanities and arts were considered from the viewpoint of critical post-humanism. The Fourth Industrial Revolution can be characterized by ‘technological convergence in diverse fields’ and the ‘ultra-high developing speed.’ The convergence and speed give birth to the creation and destruction and bring about an unprecedented hope and anxiety. Despite that the medical field has a characteristic that it cannot be easily combined with the Fourth Industrial Revolution, it seems clear that the capitalist economy system will destroy even a few remaining public protection devices by actively introducing newly developed technologies. On the contrary, the medical circles and doctors can have the opportunity to restore humanity and display the original creativity that human beings should have with the help of the Fourth Industrial Revolution technologies and AI. As a method to that end, this paper proposed to actively introduce the education of humanities and arts into the curriculums at medical colleges. Humanities and arts education can explain what humanity is, examine the fundamental reason why human beings — not science — should be the principal agents of medical treatment, contribute to the cultivation of the empathic ability as doctors and cultivation of innovative thinking, and provide grounds for balanced judgments on the power necessary for human survival and complex ethical issues in the future when human beings will coexist with AI.

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