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The British Antiwar Movement and the Emergence of the Protests of 1968 - With Focus on the Vietnam Solidarity Campaign -

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2018, (70), pp.5-36
  • DOI : 10.31310/HUM.070.01
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : July 15, 2018
  • Accepted : August 2, 2018
  • Published : August 31, 2018

Dong Phil Won 1

1부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzes the way in which the International Marxists Group (IMG), a small Trotskyist faction in Britain, led the British 68 movement — a broad movement carried out in opposition to the Vietnam War. The paper examines some of the main success factors from the perspective of the following three different elements. First, the Vietnam Solidarity Campaign (VSC) stimulated the ethical awareness among the radicals by emphasizing the fact that resistance against the U.S. invasion is not different from that against the universal evil. Second, the International Marxists Group was relatively free from factionalism and hegemonism of the extreme leftist groups. In terms of openness and solidarity, the Vietnam Solidarity Campaign created a new paragon. Third, the International Marxists Group distinguished itself from other Marxists groups, especially with regard to a sense of internationalism, a coherent theoretical system, and cultural sensitivity. Moreover, the International Marxists Group had a solid theoretical system which can consistently explain modern capitalism and the infiltration of U.S. imperialism, and also aroused the imagination of the younger generation by publishing radical cultural magazines.

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