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The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Another Path of Humanities: Focusing on Germany

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2020, (76), pp.197-220
  • DOI : 10.31310/HUM.076.07
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : January 14, 2020
  • Accepted : January 31, 2020
  • Published : February 29, 2020

Yun-Sun Kim 1 Jong Kwan Lee 1

1성균관대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Since the mid-18th century, the industrial revolution has evolved into the fourth industrial revolution, driven by the digital revolution. The starting point of the Fourth Industrial Revolution can be found in the establishment of Germany’s high-tech strategy, as a manufacturing powerhouse, that will continue to lead the competition in the future. To this end, from 2004 until today, the German government has supported a large number of projects. The results of the first study were announced by Merkel in August 2006 as a “high-tech strategy”, followed by a manufacturing innovation strategy called “Industrial 4.0” in 2010 and a “fourth industrial revolution” in 2016. The key to penetrating this series of processes is digitization. Digitization leads to qualitative changes in the industrial environment, resulting in qualitative changes in labor, and further demands for qualitative changes in education. In order to successfully innovate manufacturing, other social conditions require innovative solutions to be realized. This paper examines what humanities look for in Germany during this Fourth Industrial Revolution. To this end, I would like to examine the correlation between the emergence of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and the Digital Revolution, and briefly examine the digital humanities that emerged as a new branch of the humanities and industry 4.0-labor 4.0-vocational education 4.0 reflecting German characteristics. In this way, I would like to suggest an aspect of the practical use of German humanities in relation to the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.