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The Ethical Problems of CRISPR-Cas9 Gene-editing Technology

  • Journal of Humanities
  • 2020, (79), pp.149-178
  • DOI : 10.31310/HUM.079.05
  • Publisher : Institute for Humanities
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities
  • Received : October 7, 2020
  • Accepted : October 30, 2020
  • Published : November 30, 2020

Yoonjoo Choi 1 Arum LEE 2

1전남대학교
2성균관대학교 하이브리드미래문화연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims to examine the discussions over the ethical issues on the CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing technology. We point out that the technology needs urgent attention and its impacts must be examined both from the social and the ethical perspective. The strong power of influence and the potentiality of CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing also demand novel approaches with regard to the ethical discourses of the new technology. First, we have tackled the CRISPR-related ethical issues based on the actor-network theory according to which technology exists in the physical, human and sociocultural networks. Second, limitations of the liberalism-oriented perspective on ethics and technology were also discussed. Considering the powerful and complex ramifications of new technology in general, we suggest the approaches from the perspective of communitarian ethics which may justify the necessity of regulations against the misuse of the technology in order to promote public goodness.

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