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The Evaluation for Kim Dae-jungGovernment Reform

MIN, JUNKEE 1

1경희대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This article evaluates Kim Dae-jung Government Reform. For the evaluation, limits of the reform agenda for the domain of economy and politics, and for the policy toward North Korea, and the details of reform that were actually accomplished examined. First of all, to overcome the IMF crisis, Kim Dae-jung Government, which had the problems for the reform of unstable economy, carried out the reform of Chae-bol(財閥). But the reform of Chae-bol caused side effects by the unilateral policy that only arose not the carefully thought-out goal for a long period but the effect for a short period. Moreover, the restructuring organized by IMF policy had not only collapsed the middle-class, but also had yielded the fragile economic structure without considering the disorder of market being not regulated under the opening and democratization. Secondly, in terms of political reform, Kim Dae-jung Government could not overcome the limit of political minority and maintained the negative stance concentrating on the securement of stable constituency. So, under the name of political reform, the amendment of election system for the purpose of the stable seat-securing of ruling party had been executed. Finally, The Sunshine policy of Kim Dae-jung Government, more than anything else, had a general significance at the level of overcoming the anti-communism in South Korea and peacefully stabilizing the relation between South and North Korea. By clinging to the policy, however, the way of execution became rigid. It is evaluated that from an excess of giving undue value to the visible result, the Summit meeting, constituting the alternatives for the peaceful regime droped off sharply, and as a result of not being able to engage the conflict between the people in the South Korea, sustainable effect for the policy was declined remarkably.

Citation status

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