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Comparative Analysis of Anti-bullying Policies in the state of New South Wales, Australia and Kyunggi Province, South Korea

김장대 1

1서울대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This study identifies effective interventions to eliminate bullying by comparing current policies in NSW, Australia and Kyunggi Province, South Korea. Researchers from a school policy unit recount how they tackle bullying through the school and community, enlisting the approaches of bullying prevention from MOE in South Korea and DET in NSW, Australia. A major difference is the dominance of a 'whole-school' policy. In Australian schools most bullies stay in schools, without suspension or expulsion if they don't commit a crime. The non-criminal basis adopted gives teachers the role of discipline provision and student welfare. An 'alternative school' policy used in Kyunggi Province sees most bullies separated from the group and it includes suspension or expulsion to prevent students from bullying. The criminal basis of disciplining, the use of alternative schools and collectivism is quite different to the Australian approach. School policies as broadly practised are student-centred in Australia in contrast to being teacher-centred in South Korea. Classroom practices are widely oriented towards 'proactive humane-training' in NSW, in contrast to 'reactive discipline' in Kyunggi Province.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.