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The Changeover of Korean Concept toward China : Sinocentrism, Small-Sinocentrism,and Post-Sinocentrism

Hyunguen Chang 1

1용인대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This article point to examine closely the essence of Sino-Barbarian(華夷) dichotomy and Sino-centrism. This article also ask the origin of Korean Small-Sinocentrism, and explain the process what the Sino-centrism has spread to Chosun intelligentsia as a Little China(小中華) or Korean Sinocentrism, and the Silhak(實學) scholars’s solution as a Post-Sinocentrism. Originally the concept of Han nationality(華夏) and Yi nationality(夷狄) are quite distinct from each other, not use to cultural superiority. But in the Zhou(周) dynasty, Sino-Barbarian dichotomy has passed from a mere local problem to a contempt for all Barbarians in some regards. Sinocentrism is closely associated with cultural discrimination. Korea as a surrounding nations is influenced by the Sinocentrism, and then neo-Confucian scholars in the Chosun dynasty is simply following in the path of the Sinocentric cultural superiority, named as Korean small-Sinocentrism. But Chosun people's cultural superiority over Qing(淸) dynasty, overcome traditional Sino-Barbarian dichotomy by Silhak scholars, and an agitation of toadyism in Chosun follows penetration of Western powers. As a result, post-Sinocentrism at the end of Chosun wasn't based on internal introspection but formed blindly, the Korea of today fell into universalism of Western culture. And there is an establishment of an intellectual independence as an alternative idea. We need Korean identity in the real meaning.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.