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Historical Consideration of Hwandonghae (the East-Sea Rim) Culture and Cultural Research Method

Song, Whanbhum 1

1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In Korea, people call this sea ‘East Sea.’ We have not given much thought that calling it ‘East Sea’ might be strange to Japanese. Although it is a familiar name to Korean, for Japanese it would be hard to locate the sea. Considering the difference, the word ‘The studies of Hwandonghae,’ which might sound as a synthesis of researches of many areas, is very provocative. It is because ‘The studies of Hwandonghae’’ can be equipollent as The studies of Japan-Sea Rim (The Japan Sea Rim studies) for Japanese. From this kind of diametrical perspective, is it possible to expect same results for the same sea? Also doesn’t activity focusing on local government these days leave only structure for profit such as resources and development that speak for the country? Therefore, I believe that the researches of ‘the studies of Hwandonghae’ or ‘the studies of Japan-Sea Rim (The Japan Sea Rim studies)’ as multidisciplinary research based on scientific view for overcoming limitation that the research focusing on local government are open to question. As a result, I obtained several kinds of vision as the following. First, it is about a view of ocean history and history of international relations. Historic description and understanding until now were mostly focusing on the land. On the other hand, the understanding focusing on sea should stand from the open view of ocean history and history of international relations. I believe that doing so can free us from dichotomic view of land or center and provinces. Second, it is a view from description of naturalized citizen, Doraein and ruined people. The understanding on people who travels between Korea and Japan was mostly evolved around domination and subject or the relationship between subordinates and superiors. But it is proved that the people who traveled Korea, Japan and even China were actually working in interaction and view of coexistence. Third, whether East Sea, which is told in the studies of Hwandonghae, can be seen as separated sea or connected sea like seen as sea area, and it will decided the scale and content of research. On other words, the sea seen from the view of sea area history called Hwandonghae (the East Sea Rim) needs establishment of a wide view of understanding everything related to the sea instead of stories of specific sea. Finally, working on itemized discussion of the studies of Hwandonghae after establishing an overall research method will result in regular results. In order to do so, I think Japan’s research of ocean area history, which has already experienced trial and error, could function as a good model.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.