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The Reason for Withdrawal of the Chinese People's Volunteers and China-North Korea Relations

HAN SANG JUN 1

1北京大學

Accredited

ABSTRACT

At the end of 1956, North Korea demanded China to withdrawal the Chinese People's Volunteers from North Korea. Two reasons for North Korea's request for the withdrawal could be presented as follow: First, it was due to the intervention of China and the Soviet Union in "August incident" of 1956. North Korea held grievance against China after the intervention; Second, on November 1956, the collapse of Imre Nagy regime of Hungary by Soviet military forces had an effect on North Korea to require the withdrawal of the Chinese People's Volunteers. Around the end of 1956, China agreed to withdraw the Chinese People's Volunteers. There were two major reasons why China had decided to withdraw the troops. First, China wanted to avoid any conflict between China and North Korea, and tried to pursue stability in Northeast Asia. Second, China suspected that North Korea might have left the social camp, or been in conflict with China and the Soviet Union to take her own line. The withdrawal of the Chinese People's Volunteers was executed in 1958, but, in fact, the decision of the withdrawal was made in 1956. The issues surrounding the troop withdrawal clearly indicate that China and North Korea did not keep a cordial relationship that one may easily imagine. On the contrary, China and North Korea distrusted each other. In the matter of the troop withdrawal, North Korea had to consider the safety of its own regime, and China considered the issue from the perspective of its own national interests. In this respect, China and North Korea did not maintain relationship of the "lips and teeth" at least.

Citation status

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