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Status and Implications of North Korea-China Border Trade Zone

  • Journal of Asia-Pacific Studies
  • Abbr : JAPS
  • 2018, 25(3), pp.119-153
  • DOI : 10.18107/japs.2018.25.3.004
  • Publisher : Institute of Global Affairs
  • Research Area : Social Science > Social Science in general
  • Received : August 17, 2018
  • Accepted : September 13, 2018
  • Published : September 30, 2018

oh soo dae 1 Jung-Hee Lee 1

1중앙대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to derive the characteristics of a border trade zone and to present implications for inter-Korean economic cooperation through an analysis of the transition process and the status of customs clearance of North Korea-China border trade zones. North Korea and China has designated 10 boder trade zones in 1958, 14 in 1965, and 15 in 2001 and administrated them. In 2001, both governments reached an the agreement to manage the border trade zones systematically. In 2010, the border trade zones have expanded aiming to construct new border bridges. Despite the sanctions imposed on North Korea, the status of customs clearance of border trade has increased. while the amounts of customs clearance of road lines have been grown rapidly, the amounts of railroad lines have been declined sharply. Focusing on region by region, the lower reaches of the Yalu and Tumen rivers and Nanping trade zone in Jilin Province of china, the import routes of iron ore from North Korea, have been emerging as major channels of customs. If the current sanction phase is resolved in the future, the border trade customs clearance will be greatly activated, possibly affecting the composition of inter-Korean economic cooperation. In addition, the current construction and operation of the between North Korea and China border trade zone will become a reference model when establishing a bilateral trade route in the border area between the South-North Koreas. Therefore, it is necessary to have continued research and interest in the North Korea-China border trade zone.

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