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Analysis of Spatial Pattern Changes and Its Human and Environmental Factors of the Malaria Risks in Korea

  • Journal of the Korean Cartographic Association
  • Abbr : JKCA
  • 2017, 17(1), pp.71-85
  • Publisher : The Korean Cartographic Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography > Geography in general > Cartography
  • Published : April 30, 2017

Sehyeong Kim 1 Kim, Youngho 1

1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Since the reemergence in 1993, spatial patterns of Malaria outbreaks of South Korea have been drastically changed while its number has been fluctuating. It is well known that complicated interactions among human, nature, and socio-economic factors influence malaria risks. This study aims to investigate the spatial patterns of malaria in order to understand and control risks from malaria. Exploratory spatial data analysis methods, including Getis-Ord Gi* and mean center, are applied to analyze the changes in spatial distribution of malaria occurrences from 2001 to 2014. Generalized Poisson regression model is applied to ecologically estimate and compare the natural and socio-economic factors related to malaria occurrences in 2001 and 2014. The distance from Military Demarcation Line explained the spatial autocorrelation of the malaria occurrences. The result shows that number of cattle, standard announced land value, sex ratio, apartment ratio, distance from MDL, climate factors, and rice paddy ratio were significant in 2001 and 2014.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.