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Comparative Study on the Differentiation Effect of Adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 Preadipocyte by 65 Herbal Medicine Prescriptions

  • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
  • Abbr : J Korean Med Obes Res
  • 2020, 20(2), pp.78-87
  • DOI : 10.15429/jkomor.2020.20.2.78
  • Publisher : The Society of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Korean Medicine
  • Received : October 30, 2020
  • Accepted : December 9, 2020
  • Published : December 30, 2020

Hye Min Choi 1 Byung-Woo Yu 1 Min-Ju Kim 1 Jung-Ok Kim 1

1한국한의약진흥원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To expand and provide information on the efficacy of herbal medicines, anti-obesity effects were evaluated. In many studies, plant-derived components with anti-obesity efficacies have been investigated for their potential inhibitory effects on 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-obesity effects of 65 herbal medicine in 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cells. Methods: Preferentially, 3T3-L1 cells were treated with 65 herbal medicines (500 µg/mL) during differentiation for 8 days. Next, 3T3-L1 cells were treated with selected herbal medicines at concentrations ranging from 50 to 200 µg/mL during differentiation for 8 days. The accumulation of lipid droplets was determined by Oil Red O staining. The expressions of genes related to adipogenesis were measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analyses. Results: Among the 65 kinds of herbal medicines, 13 herbal medicines that been shown to be effective against the accumulation of lipid droplets were selected. Finally, selected Banhasasim-tang and Samhwangsasim-tang showed inhibitory activity on adipocyte differentiation at 3T3-L1 preadipocytes without affecting cell toxicity. In addition, Banhasasim-tang and Samhwangsasim-tang significantly reduced the expression levels of several adipocyte marker genes including peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-α. Conclusions : These results suggest that the ability of Banhasasim-tang and Samhwangsasimtang has inhibited overall adipogenesis and lipid accumulation in the 3T3-L1 cells. Banhasasim-tang and Samhwangsasim-tang may be a promising medicine for the treatment of obesity and related metabolic disorders.

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