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A Meta-Analysis on the Effects of Software Education on Computational Thinking

  • Journal of The Korea Society of Computer and Information
  • Abbr : JKSCI
  • 2018, 23(11), pp.239-246
  • DOI : 10.9708/jksci.2018.23.11.239
  • Publisher : The Korean Society Of Computer And Information
  • Research Area : Engineering > Computer Science
  • Received : October 17, 2018
  • Accepted : November 21, 2018
  • Published : November 30, 2018

Dong-Man Kim 1 Lee Taewuk 1

1한국교원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we propose to investigate the existing SW education related studies and to collect the total effect size for the improvement of computational thinking(CT) through meta-analysis and to confirm the effect size according to various variables. So, we have objectively identified and generalized the practical effects of SW education on the various variable. The results of the meta-analysis showed that 1) the overall effect of SW educational activities on CT improvement was 'Hedges' g=0.643', so SW educational activity can get a CT improvement of about 24% over other educational activities. 2) EPL is a SW teaching-learning method that greatly improves students' CT. 3) Since SW education can be guaranteed to improve CT among elementary school students and university students, essential SW education for these should be further promoted. And it was found that SW education activity were more effective for CT improvement in small cities & rural areas than big cities, but the cause was not identified, so further study will be required.

Citation status

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