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Development of Project-based Robot Education Program for Enhancing Interest toward Robots and Computational Thinking of Elementary School Students

  • Journal of The Korea Society of Computer and Information
  • Abbr : JKSCI
  • 2019, 24(1), pp.247-255
  • DOI : 10.9708/jksci.2019.24.01.247
  • Publisher : The Korean Society Of Computer And Information
  • Research Area : Engineering > Computer Science
  • Received : November 12, 2018
  • Accepted : December 18, 2018
  • Published : January 31, 2019

Seong-Won Kim 1 Heyran Park 2 Youngjun Lee 1

1한국교원대학교
2매여울초등학교

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ABSTRACT

In this paper, we propose the effect of project-based robot education program on the interest toward robots and the computational thinking of elementary school students. Software education is being actively carried out around the world in order to cultivate software talents in accordance with the 4th industrial revolution. As a result, the importance of robots in education has increased, and education using robots has been actively introduced. However, the activities of simply assembling and repeating robots in schools were not effective in enhancing elementary school students' interest toward robots and computational thinking. Therefore, it is necessary to overcome traditional teaching-learning methods and to develop robot education. So, in this study, the robot education program that introduces project-based learning was developed for improvement of interest toward robots and computational thinking of elementary school students. In order to verify the developed education program, 114 elementary six grade students were selected as research subjects and the traditional teaching-learning method and project-based learning were applied to the experimental and control group. As a result, project-based learning was more effective for elementary school students' interest toward robot than traditional teaching-learning method. In computing thinking, the experimental group showed a significant improvement, but there was no statistically significant difference in the post-test.

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