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A Study on Programming Concepts of Programming Education Experts through Delphi and Conceptual Metaphor Analysis

  • Journal of The Korea Society of Computer and Information
  • Abbr : JKSCI
  • 2020, 25(11), pp.277-286
  • DOI : 10.9708/jksci.2020.25.11.277
  • Publisher : The Korean Society Of Computer And Information
  • Research Area : Engineering > Computer Science
  • Received : September 21, 2020
  • Accepted : November 14, 2020
  • Published : November 30, 2020

Dong-Man Kim 1 Lee Taewuk 1

1한국교원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we propose a new educational approach to help learners form concepts by identifying the properties of programming concepts targeting a group of experts in programming education. Therefore, we confirmed the typical properties of concepts by programming education experts for programming learning elements through conceptual metaphor analysis, which is a qualitative research method, and confirmed the validity through the delphi method. As a result of this study, we identified 17 typical properties of programming concepts that learners should form in programming education. The conclusions of this study are that need to compose the educational content more specifically for the conceptualization of learners' programming as follows: 1)the concept of a variable is to understand how to store data, how to set a name, what an address has, how to change a value, various types of variables, and the meaning of the size of a variable, 2)the concept of operator is to understand how to operate the four rules, how to deal with it logically, how to connect according to priority, meaning of operation symbols, and how to compare, 3)the concept of the control structure is to understand how to control the execution flow, how to make a logical judgment, how to set an execution rule, meaning of sequential execution, and how to repeat executing.

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