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A study on knowledge of influenza A(H1N1) and preventive behavior in the midst of the spread of the flu

  • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
  • Abbr : J Korean Soc Dent Hyg
  • 2010, 10(4), pp.567-576
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Dental Hygiene
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Dentistry

Choi, Hye-Sook 1 전미진 2 Lim Mi Hee 3

1경운대학교
2조선대학교
3한양여자대학

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine selected people's knowledge of Influenza A(HINI), their self-efficacy, social norms, awareness of the gravity of the infection of the flu, behavioral intention, preventive behavior, the impact of their knowledge of the flu on those variables and the relationship of the variables, as the spread of the flu has been accelerated. Methods : The subjects in this study were 484 health-related majors at two selected colleges selected by random sampling from the metropolitan area, on whom a survey was conducted from October 5 to 9, 2009. Results : The findings of the study were as follows: 1. As for connections between knowledge of the 2009 H1N1 and self-efficacy, the students who were knowledgeable about the flu got a mean of 3.24, and those whose knowledge was on an intermediate level got 3.08. The students who didn't know well about that got 2.91. The students who were better informed were ahead of those who were less informed in terms of self-efficacy, and the intergroup gap was statistically significant(p<0.01). 2. In relation to self-efficacy, the better-informed students scored higher than the less-informed ones in both of the two items: whether to know how to cope with the spread of the 2009 H1N1(p<0.01), and whether to be able to be ready for the spread of it(p<0.01). The intergroup gaps were statistically significant. 3. In regard to relationship between knowledge of the flu and the gravity of the infection, those who were better knowledgeable took a more serious view of the consequence of the infection when they were asked a question whether being infected with the flu might lead to death (p<0.05). 4. Concerning links between the knowledge and behavioral intention, the better-informed group had an intention to behave in a more discreet manner than the less-informed group when two related questions were given: whether to intend to cover the mouth with a tissue not to be infected by the flu in case of having a cough or sneezing(p<0.05), and whether to carefully consider meeting someone infected by that(p<0.001). 5. As to relationship between the knowledge and preventive behavior, knowledge of the 2009 H1N1 made no statistically significant differences to every kind of preventive behavior. 6. Self-efficacy had a positive correlation to social norms(r=0.575***), behavioral intention(r=0.193***) and preventive behavior(r=207***), and social norms were positively correlated to behavioral intention (r=0.269***), and preventive behavior(r=0.208***). Awareness of the gravity of the flu had a positive correlation to behavioral intention (r=0.270***), and behavioral intention was positively correlated to preventive behavior(r=0.516). Conclusions : The knowledge of the students about Influence A(H1N1) and their preventive behavior were analyzed in association with the spread of the flu, and there were no differences in actual preventive behavior though they were not the same in terms of behavioral intention. Therefore health education programs should be prepared to improve not only their knowledge but their attitude and preventive skills to boost their preventive behavior.

Citation status

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