본문 바로가기
  • Home

Influencing factors on happiness index in clinical dental hygienists

Min Hee-Hong 1

1대전보건대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of happiness index in dental hygienists. This study can be used toimprove the quality of life and the turnover intention in the dental hygienists. Methods: The subjects were 281 dental hygienists in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, and Chungcheong province. A self-reportedquestionnaire was completed by the subjects. The questionnaire consisted of 7 questions of general characteristics of the subjects, 7questions of dental hygiene performance, and 9 questions of happiness index. The instrument for happiness index was modified fromSuh and Koo. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.850 in the happiness index measure by Likert 7 scale. The instrument for professionalism wasmodified from Baek and consisted of 25 questions measure by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.694 in the professionalism. The instrument for turnover intention was modified from Lee and consisted of 5 questions measured by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach’salpha was 0.712 in turnover intention. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0. for one way ANOVA, Duncan posthoc test, Pearsoncorrelation coefficients and hierarchical regression. Results: The means of happiness index, professionalism and turnover intention of subjects were 4.44, 3.06 and 3.05, respectively. The happiness index was higher in those who are married(4.66), those who have high income, and those who have careers in dentalhygienists(4.61). There were significant differences in the happiness index by the average daily working hours, place of treatment,work intensity and off duty hours. Conclusions: This study suggests that improvement of the happiness index in clinical dental hygienists requires the continuing andsystematic education program and administrative support that can reduce the turnover intention.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.