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Effect of values on major satisfaction in dental hygiene students

김미나 1 허윤민 1 김형주 1 안용순 1

1을지대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of values on major satisfaction in dental hygiene students. Methods: The subjects were 214 dental hygiene students in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do who filled out the self-reported questionnaire afterreceiving informed consents from January 20 to February 15, 2014. Except incomplete answers, 187 data were analyzed using PASWStatistics 18.0 for Scheffe post hoc test, Pearson correlation coefficient, hierarchical regression analysis, independent sample t-test, andone-way ANOVA. The questionnaire consisted of general characteristics of the subjects and values. General characteristics consistedof gender, age, grade, school record, major choice motivation, and the influencing person to choose the major. The instrument for valueswas modified from Shin based on MILOV(Multi-Item Measures Of Values) and two professors of dental hygiene verified the validityof the instrument. Instrument for values consisted of 7 questions of values for self-respect, 6 questions of relation oriented values, 5questions of emotion oriented values, and 5 questions of values for others measured by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.769 inthe study. The instrument for major satisfaction was modified from Na based on Program Evaluation Survey of Illinois University andtwo professors of dental hygiene verified the validity of the instrument. Major satisfaction consisted of 7 questions of general satisfaction,5 questions of consciousness satisfaction, 5 questions of curriculum satisfaction and 3 questions of relation satisfaction measured byLikert 5 scale and Cronbach’s alpha was 0.887 in the study. Results: Values of self-respect, relationship orientation and grade had significant influence on general satisfaction, while values ofself-respect, relationship orientation and gender had significant influence on consciousness satisfaction. Values of relationshiporientation, grade and school record had significant influence on curriculum satisfaction. Grade showed significant influence onrelationship satisfaction. Conclusions: Values of self-respect and relationship orientation are the most important factors in dental hygiene students. The guidancefor professional career and major satisfaction can be accomplished through the values of self-respect and relationship orientation.

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