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Relationship between internet addiction and health in dental hygiene students

Kang Hyun Joo 1 Lee Jung Hwa 2

1고신대학교
2동의대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between internet addiction and health in dental hygienestudents. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 216 dental hygiene students in Daegu from June 9 to 13, 2014. Data wereanalyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, and ANOVA using SAS 9.2 program. The instruments included Korean internet addictionscale(K scale) and Korean version of the general health questionnaire. General characteristics consisted of grade, religion, residentialtypes, economic condition, place of internet use, duration, purpose, and time of use. Physical characteristics consisted of subjectivephysical condition, smoking, alcohol drinking, exercise above twice per week, musculoskeletal disease, and location of physicalsymptoms. Psychiatric scale and 6 questions of physical characteristics were consulted by the statistician of preventive medicinedepartment. Results: Internet users over 4 hours manifested the poor mental health, while those who uses internet under 2 hours showed goodmental health(F = 1.41, p < 0.01). The students having good physical condition showed better mental health than those with poorphysical condition(t = -2.81, p < 0.01). The students exercising at least twice a week showed better mental health than those who donot exercise(t = -3.10, p < 0.01). Those who having musculoskeletal symptoms showed higher index of internet addiction score thanthose who do not(t = 4.21, p < 0.01). Those who have no musculoskeletal symptoms tended to have better mental health than thosewho have musculoskeletal symptoms(t = 2.28, p < 0.05). The variables correlated to mental health were internet addiction, subjectivephysical condition, and exercise at least twice a week. The severity level of internet addiction leads to poor mental health(r = 0.26, p< 0.001). Conclusions: Internet addiction is closely related to mental health. So the students must know the danger of internet addiction. Properhealth education is necessary for the prevention of addiction symptoms.

Citation status

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