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Knowledge and attitude change towards radiation protection after radiation safety management education in dental hygiene students

김성애 1 Ji-Young Lee 2 황세현 1 Cho, Mi-Sook 3 Jung-Hyun Park 3 정남영 4 Byeng Chul Yu 4

1영산대학교
2동주대학교
3춘해보건대학교
4고신대학교

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ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the knowledge and attitude towards radiation protection after radiation safetymanagement education in dental hygiene students. Methods: After receiving informed consents, a self-reported questionnaire was carried out for 135 dental hygiene students in Busanon June 17 for preliminary survey and September 3 for post-education survey, 2011. The questionnaire was modified from Han andconsisted of 5 questions of general characteristics, 6 questions of radiation use, 7 questions of scholastic characteristics, 15 questionsof knowledge towards radiation safety management, and 15 questions of attitude towards radiation safety management. Cronbach’salpha was 0.808 in the knowledge towards radiation safety management. Attitude towards radiation safety management included 15questions of general attitude towards radiation safety management, individual and patient, and attitude toward radiation exposurereduction measured by Likert 5 scale. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.970 in the attitude towards radiation safety management. Data were analyzedusing SAS version 9.2 for educational analysis, technical analysis and multivariate analysis, paired t-test, and GLM. Results: Significant differences were shown in the knowledge and attitudes towards radiation safety management; the level of knowledgewas respectively 9.8±3.0 and 12.9±1.9 points before and after education, and the level of attitude was 4.28±0.51 and 4.53±0.47 beforeand after the education. The levels of knowledge and attitude according to general characteristics showed a significant differences ingrade and academic results. Post-education survey suggested that the education is very important and necessary and can change theknowledge and attitude towards radiation safety management in the dental hygiene students. Conclusions: Through the radiation safety management education, the levels of knowledge and attitude towards radiation safetymanagement have changed significantly, which showed that the radiation safety management education proved to be very effective. Therefore, an effective radiation safety management education program is necessary to improve the levels of knowledge and attitudetowards radiation safety management in the dental hygiene students.

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