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Antimicrobial activities of various extracts of Coriolus versicolor against oral bacteria

byeollee kim 1 lim kun ok 1 So-Ra Han 1 Kim Ki-Hwa 1 Tae-Jin Oh 1

1선문대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Coriolus versicolor is an edible mushroom with physiological activities that has been used in traditional medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of extracts obtained from Coriolus versicolor against oral pathogens. Methods: The antimicrobial activities of various extracts of Coriolus versicolor were examined by disc diffusion assay, and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of these extracts were also was determined by broth dilution method. The growth inhibition effect of extracts was measured at 600 nm for 12 hrs against Streptococcus ratti, Streptococcus criceti, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Actinomyces viscosus, and Actinomyces israelii. Results: Coriolus versicolor extracts showed antimicrobial activities against all nine oral pathogens through disc diffusion assay. The ethanol extract and ethyl acetate extract differed significantly compared with acetone extract against Streptococcus ratti, Streptococcus criceti, Actinomyces viscosus, Actinomyces israelii and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (p<0.05). These extracts exhibited MIC ranges of 2.63 to >10.50 mg/ml against the tested bacteria. The ethanol extract from Coriolus versicolor showed lower MIC values of 2.63 to 5.25 mg/ml. According to the obtained growth curve, the extracts of Coriolus versicolor were more effective against Actinomyces viscosus. Conclusions: The acetone, ethanol, and ethyl acetate extracts from Coriolus versicolor showed antimicrobial activities against Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus sanguinis, Streptococcus sobrinus, Streptococcus ratti, Streptococcus criceti, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Actinomyces viscosus, and Actinomyces israeli.i Therefore, they could be considered as natural oral antimicrobial agents against oral pathogens.

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