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Association between cardiovascular disease and limited oral function

  • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
  • Abbr : J Korean Soc Dent Hyg
  • 2021, 21(6), pp.751-761
  • DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.20210074
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Dental Hygiene
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Dentistry
  • Received : August 23, 2021
  • Accepted : October 19, 2021
  • Published : December 30, 2021

Sun-Mi Kim 1 Kim in-ja 2

1원광보건대학교 치위생과
2여주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between limited oral function and cardiovascular disease in adults over 40 years of age. Methods: Data from the Seventh Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016-2018) was used. In this study, 8,766 adults over the age of 40 years were included as study subjects. They completed a health survey which included current prevalence of hypertension, stroke, myocardial infarction, and angina pectoris, as well as information about blood tests, physical measurements, and oral examinations. Statistical analyses were carried out using complex sample cross-tabulation analysis, general linear model, and logistic regression analysis. Results: The study showed that limited oral function was experienced by patients with stroke (61.3%), myocardial infarction (49.1%), cardiovascular disease (38.5%), hypertension (38.1%), and angina (36.4%) (p<0.05). In patients with stroke, the risk of limited oral function was 2.393 times higher than in patients without stroke. Patients with hypertension were 1.233 times more at risk of speaking difficulty than those without hypertension. Conclusions: Limited oral function is associated with cardiovascular disease. To improve oral health, it is necessary to provide integrated, health-based oral care.

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