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Impact of Non-farm Income on Farm Households’Food security in Eastern Ethiopia

  • Journal of Regional Studies and Development
  • Abbr : JRSD
  • 2016, 25(1), pp.143-165
  • DOI : 10.18350/ipaid.2016.25.1.143
  • Publisher : Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development: IPAID
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > Regional Studies in general > Comparative / Statistical Regional Studies
  • Published : June 25, 2016

Tirfe, Zegeye 1 Kyung-Ryang Kim 1

1강원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Currently, one of the challenges still facing Ethiopia is how to feed its ever increasing population. This paper has examined the impact of non-farm activities on farm households’ food security; and the push and pulls factors of non-farm activities. The study employed descriptive statistics and Tobit regression model. The result shows that non-farm activities have a positive and statistically significant impact on household’s food security. The main factors that limit farm households’ participation in non-farm activities are lack of finance, lack of experience, lack of skill, and lack of confidence. The main Factors that lead farm households to decide to participate in the non-farm activities are low income from farm, land inadequacy, the need to minimize risk associated with crop failure, high return in labor/investment, and lack of land. Hence, promoting farm and non-farm linkages, removal of entry barriers faced by the poor, and expansion of opportunities for diversification are important areas of intervention.

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