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A Study on the Factors Related on Utilization of Kyung-ro-dang and Social Participation of Rural Senior Citizens

  • Journal of Regional Studies and Development
  • Abbr : JRSD
  • 2019, 28(3), pp.139-159
  • DOI : 10.22739/ipaid.2019.28.3.139
  • Publisher : Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development: IPAID
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > Regional Studies in general > Comparative / Statistical Regional Studies
  • Received : September 18, 2019
  • Accepted : December 9, 2019
  • Published : December 30, 2019

Jo, Hyeyeon 1 Geurum Song 1 Jaewon Lee 1 Eun Woo Nam ORD ID 1

1연세대학교 의료복지연구소 건강도시연구센터

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to identify characteristics related to the use of Kyung-ro-dang for senior citizens living in rural areas in Korea, to identify factors affecting the social participation of senior citizens, and to consider policy and interventions to promote social participation for senior citizens living in rural areas based on these study results. The target population was 181 out of 1,624 people aged 65 or older living in Heungup-myeon, Wonju, Gangwon-do. Data were collected through a face-to-face interview method from May 13 to 24, 2019. The effect of the Kyung-ro-dang utilization factors, demographic factors, and health factors on the social participation was verified through a hierarchical multi-regression analysis. Results showed that the research model used in the analysis explained social participation by 39% and statistically significant variables were the utilization of Kyung-ro-dang (p<.001), depression (p<.01), presence of family member in need of care (p.<05), and smoking experience (p.<05). Based on the results, it was found that the government needs to introduce policy for promoting the social participation of senior citizens in order to decrease depression, such as social prescribing system centered on Kyung-ro-dang. Also, home-visiting care services for the elderly who play the role of family care is expected to increase social participation of the elderly.

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