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Do Female MPs Represent Women Beyond their Party’s Position?: Focusing on Work-Family Balance Bills during the 19th-21st National Assembly in South Korea

  • Journal of Regional Studies and Development
  • Abbr : JRSD
  • 2023, 32(2), pp.65-105
  • DOI : 10.22739/ipaid.2023.32.2.65
  • Publisher : Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development: IPAID
  • Research Area : Social Science > Area Studies > Regional Studies in general > Comparative / Statistical Regional Studies
  • Received : August 17, 2023
  • Accepted : August 28, 2023
  • Published : August 30, 2023

An Hyunjin 1 Lee Jae Mook 1

1한국외국어대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims to analyze which factor members of the 19th to 21st National Assemblies of South Korea prioritize between their gender and party’s policy stance in their legislative activities. To achieve this, this study focuses on whether legislators proposed bills related to work-life balance policies. These policies, designed to sustain the economic engagement of women facing career interruptions, directly affect women’s interests. Simultaneously, they impose costs on enterprises, potentially leading to varying stances among political parties. The empirical findings of this study uncover a noticeable gender gap in bill proposals. Furthermore, when exploring the interaction effects between gender and political party, male legislators from the Democratic Party demonstrate a higher likelihood of bill propose compared to their counterparts from the conservative People Party Party, indicating the impact of party ideology. In contrast, among female legislators, the probability of bill introduction is higher for members of the People Power Party than for Democratic Party members. This suggests that, within the sphere of legislative activities for female legislators, gender carries more substantial influence than stance of their political party. These patterns likely stem from the changing legislative landscape within the National Assembly, driven by the steady rise in the proportion of female legislators and shifts in societal perceptions.

Citation status

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