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The Historical Formation of the Developmental Production and Welfare Regimes in Korea

Chung, Moo-Kwon 1

1연세대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The "productive welfare" reforms undertaken by the Kim Dae Jung government during the IMF financial crisis became an important historical event in upgrading the previous Korean welfare system into "the Korea welfare state." This expansion of the welfare system in Korea triggered some interesting academic explanations as well as debates about the natures of the Korean welfare system as well as the productive welfare reforms. The Esping-Andersen's three models of welfare regime had been predominantly applied to those efforts. However, his analytical framework revealed many problems and limitations when it applied to the East Asian context as well as the Korean case where the welfare system had its own developmental logics. Being aware of this critical problem, this paper adopts the perspectives of "the varieties of capitalism", which is emphasizing the role of production regime in the development of the welfare regime, develops a synthesis model enabling us to explaining some peculiar historical developmental pathways of the Korean welfare policies, and reinterprets some important causalities that the previous studies had dismissed. By doing so, this paper ultimately aims at providing new analytical and empirical bases for the next studies of the post-crisis development of the Korean production and welfare regimes.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.