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Philosophical Exploration of Ethical Grounds for Long-term Care Services: Centered on Rawls's Theory of Justice and Sen's Human Capability Approach

이은아 1

1서울대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of this paper is to explore the ethical grounds for long-term care services so as to assess the possibility of establishing a normative principled framework of long-term care services. First, from the perspective of social justice, the philosophical exploration enables us to find out the ethical issues around long-term care, which are generated from the intersection of levels of liberty and equality. This paper adopted Rawls's theory of justice and Sen's human capability approach as the guidelines to address the ethical issues around long-term care. In regard to setting up the ethical grounds for long-term care services, this paper examined Rawls's theory and Sen's approach on the two matters in dispute: the conception of human being as the image of an ideal citizen; and the concept of primary social goods that should be allocated universally. My discussion to search for the possibility of Rawls's theory as a policy-normative one is focused on his concept of primary goods. Sen's approach is an alternative perspective to help to assess this possibility. In doing this, we find that Rawls's theory of justice, through broadening the notion of opportunity that forms one of the primary goods, could provide the basis for establishing a normative principled framework of long-term care services.

Citation status

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