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A multi-level analysis of the relation between the local governments’ welfare efforts and child poverty

백승호 1 류연규 2

1가톨릭대학교
2서울신학대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims to analyze the effects of the local governments’ welfare efforts on child poverty by hierarchical generalized linear model using multi-level data of 15 Korean local governments’ social welfare budget DB and KLIPS DB. The ratio of local self-government budget to total budget, the main independent variable, is the proxy of the local governments’ welfare efforts. At the local level, the possibility of child poverty is decreased by the social welfare budget of local self-government (per capita), the ratio of childcare & youth budget of local self-government to total social welfare budget. At the individual (household) level, the possibility of child poverty is decreased if the head of household has higher education level and the household has more earners, however, the possibility of child poverty is increased if the head of household is female or irregular worker. The implication of this study is that local self-governments’ welfare efforts is very important to solve the problem of poverty and inequality, even in the child poverty filed, at this time of decentralized local government system. It should be considered for the central government to subsidize the local governments for to boost self efforts in social welfare considering the local governments’ low self-financing level.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.