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Improvement of the disability benefit in NPS from the perspective of universalism, adequacy, and equity

Lee, Yong-Ha 1 KIM, Won-Sub 2 신경혜 1

1국민연금연구원
2고려대학교

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ABSTRACT

This study investigates issues, which the current disability benefit of the national pension Scheme is facing, and seeks improvements concerning the universalism of coverage, the adequacy of benefit levels, and the equity of institution. The low universalism problem is caused by the coverage deficits and the strict disability assessment system of NPS and can be overcome by widening the disability category and changing the disability assessment system to workability test. In addition, the benefit level of the disability pension will be reduced stronger than the old age benefit in the long. The low benefit level due to the short contribution period and the low disbursement rate and can be improved by the enhancement of the standard contribution years and the disbursement rate. On the other hand, the main reason of the equality problem can be seen as the requirements for benefit, which are applied differently depending on the membership status. As policy measures, the unification of requirement on the basis of a recent payment, a payment in a certain percentage of life, or a hybrid of both criteria is investigated.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.