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A Exploratory Study on the Factors Influencing the Youth Poverty in Japan and Korea

Sujeong Kim 1 Kim Young 2

1동아대학교
2부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to investigate the causes of economic insecurity and poverty of the youth in Korea and Japan. This study carried out ordered logit analysis to explore the characteristics of youth poverty in both countries, using the data such as JGSS and KLIPS. Research findings are as follows. First, poverty risk is unequally distributed among the youth. Young, less educated(high school graduates), and temporary, without work groups are more vulnerable to poverty. Especially, high schoolers are more likely to be poor than university graduates in Korea. Also, regular employment rather than the employment itself is likely to increase economic security in both countries. Second, in terms of family status, the married is less likely to be poor than the never-married, implicating the marriage functions as a positional goods in both countries. No kids enjoys relatively secure economic status, reflecting carrying less family care burden. Lastly, availability of parent resource like housing and income lowers the economic risks among the youth. In Japan these parent effects are bigger than Korea. The policy implications of these findings are discussed in conclusion.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.